Index. ▫Jain Agam (Canonical) Literature ƒ Definition ƒ Classification ƒ Listings of Sutras ƒ Summary of Agams by Jainsects ƒ History of Preservation ƒ Agam. The Agama scriptures have been composed by Lord Tirthankaras by way of their meanings, whereas by ‘Sutra’ they have been composed by Lord Gandharas. Phone:: +91 22 1. ĀGAMA – AN INTRODUCTION (English): This booklet provides a brief summary of each Āgama with a few key sutras highlighted.
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Jain history indicates that during the course of time, Swetambar ascetics held three conferences for the preservation of the Jain canonical literature, commentaries, and non-canonical literature. Also, during the course of time many learned acharyas elder monks compiled commentaries on the Agam literature and independent works on various subjects of Jain philosophy and religion.
Hence in its opinion, aagam complete Jain agam literature is lost within few hundred years after Lord Mahavir’s nirvan. He wrote various books known as niyuktiwhich are commentaries on those scriptures.
Jnata Dharma Kathanga Sutra Nayadhammakahao: However, with time, it became difficult to keep the entire Jain literature committed to agaj.
Jain Agamas – Wikipedia
Therefore the sutraw were not documented in any form but were memorized by ascetics and passed on by oral tradition to future generations of ascetics. Jambudeepa is a place explained in Jain geography.
Also there occurred a twelve years of famine around BC. A description of the six routines Avashyakas sgam explained in this agam. This agam describes the Sun, the planets and the associated mathematics regarding their motion. The rest of agams were polluted with some modifications and errors. In Digambara tradition, two main texts, three commentaries on sutrqs texts, and four Anuyogas exposition consisting of more than 20 texts are followed.
The books of Jainism were written in the popular vernacular dialects as opposed to Sanskrit which was the classical standard of Brahmanismand therefore encompass a number of related dialects. Views Read Edit View history.
Yasovijaya defends idol-worshiping in this wgam. The description, which is found in the other Jain Sutras relating to Drashtivada, indicates that this Ang-agam was the largest of all Agam Sutras.
Ang-agams or Ang-pravista-agams Ang-bahya-agams outside of Ang-agams Ang-agams or Ang-pravista-agams: Monks who had knowledge of a minimum of ten Purvas were known as Srut-kevlis. The Digambar sect believes that all Ang-bahya-agams were also gradually lost starting about two hundred years after Lord Mahavir’s Nirvan.
In the absence of authentic scriptures, Digambars use two main texts, commentaries on main texts, and four Anuyogs consisting of more than 20 texts as sutra basis for their religious practice.
It also describes and explains the conduct of good and bad monks. They orally compiled the direct preaching of Lord Mahavir into twelve main texts sutras.
Jainism Literature Center – Articles
It also provides a description of the moon, sun, planets, and stars. Jain Agam Literature Background: This anuyoga expounded the texts which had mathematical view points.
Kalpa Vatansika Sutra Kappavadamsiao: Sutas the end all ten princes went to hell after dying in war. Trivarnachar Vattaura A. Agam literature consists of many texts, which are the sacred books of the Jain religion. In fact, a significant number of Agam sutras were already forgotten and lost after the famine. The existing Agam Sutras are accepted as the authentic preaching of Lord Mahavir by the Swetambar sects, but the Digambar sect does not accept them as authentic.
Hence the existing Agam-sutras which are accepted by the Swetambar sects are not accepted by them as authentic scriptures.
For example, almost all early Kannada literature and many Tamil works were written by Jains. Therefore Agam sutras were rarely documented and not widely distributed for or by ascetics.
This agam explains the code of conduct of the ten lay followers Shravaks of Lord Mahavir. Only scattered chapters of this agam are now available. Use dmy dates from June Use Indian English from June All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from April Articles with unsourced statements from February King Chetaka was the son of the 10 princes’ step-mother.
There are several other indication of the limits of ascetic life.
However the Digambar sect believes that ustras were also gradually lost starting about two hundred years after Lord Mahavir’s Nirvan. Agam or Canonical Literature Agam Sutras Agam literature consists of many texts, which are the sacred books of the Jain religion.
It explains the magnitude of pain one has to suffer if he or she breaks the fourth vow chastity. This agam explains certain rules and procedures for monks with respect to travelling, staying, accepting food and other necessities from lay people. Prashna Vyakrana Sutra Panha Vagarnai: However, the commentaries Bhashya and Churni written about this agam by some elder monks are available. It provides the rule of conduct, punishment, and repetances for ascetics. This agam suteas the stories of additional sutas sacred monks who attained the top-most heaven, known as Anuttara heaven.
It contains the following information: